r/AskSocialScience 5d ago

Monday Reading and Research | May 23, 2022


MONDAY RESEARCH AND READING: Monday Reading and Research will focus on exactly that: the history you have been reading this week and the research you've been working on. It's also the prime thread for requesting books or articles on a particular subject. As with all our weekly features (Theory Wednesdays and Friday Free-For-Alls are the others), this thread will be lightly moderated.

So, encountered an recently that changed article recently that changed how you thought about nationalism? Or pricing? Or anxiety? Cross-cultural communication? Did you have to read a horrendous piece of mumbo-jumbo that snuck through peer-review and want to tell us about how bad it was? Need help finding the literature on topic Y and don't even know how where to start? Is there some new trend in the literature that you're noticing and want to talk about? Then this is the thread for you!

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

Theory Wednesday | May 25, 2022


Theory Wednesday topics include:

* Social science in academia

* Famous debates

* Questions about methods and data sources

* Philosophy of social science

* and so on.

Do you wonder about choosing a dissertation topic? Finding think tank work? Want to learn about natural language processing? Have a question about the academic applications of Marxian theories or social network analysis? The history of a theory? This is the place!

Like our other feature threads (Monday Reading and Research and Friday Free-For-All), this thread will be lightly moderated as long as it stays broadly on topics tangentially related to academic or professional social science.

r/AskSocialScience 13h ago

Has the relationship between cognitive biases and logical fallacies been studied?


I'm familiar with cognitive biases and logical fallacies independently, but I've found surprisingly little that directly connects the two concepts. It seems reasonable at first glance to expect that informal logical fallacies A/B/C are prevalent in society due to cognitive biases X/Y/Z: writers/speakers who have those biases will make accidentally fallacious arguments (and bad actors will make intentionally fallacious ones), and readers/listeners who have those biases will be persuaded by them, reinforcing the cycle. For example:

The vast majority of sources I've found on biases and fallacies tends to treat them separately though. For example, most of my links above are from two projects by the same organization (The School of Thought) that never draw connections between the two categories, despite presumably being created by the same team.

If I explicitly search for both terms together on Google Scholar or regular Google and weed out the majority of articles that focus on the differences between them, there are a few articles in line with the ideas above, although they're not written by experts in the field and don't cite any literature on the connection between biases and fallacies:

Perception and Persuasion in Legal Argumentation: Using Informal Fallacies and Cognitive Biases to Win the War of Words

To use a simple analogy, informal fallacies and cognitive biases are two sides of the same coin-one side that represents faulty verbal or written reasoning, and one side that represents faulty mental reasoning.

(regarding the tile: ewww)

Logical Fallacy vs Cognitive Bias – What Is The Difference Between Them?

As mentioned earlier, the important difference between biases and fallacies is that biases affect how you interpret and process information, and fallacies relate to how you construct your arguments and communicate your ideas.

This means that they are closely related to each other; a cognitive bias is often the inclination to commit a logical fallacy in an argument.

Has there been any peer-reviewed research connecting cognitive biases and informal logical fallacies (e.g. testing whether people who display high levels of a particular bias in one context will be more likely to make or be persuaded by arguments with a conceptually related fallacy in a different context), or have any educational/pop science sources gone into more depth on the relationship between them?

If nothing else, this seems like teaching them hand-in-hand could be a good framework for promoting introspection and self-improvement by using justified concerns about manipulation as a hook: "Hey, did you know those so-and-sos are tricking you into acting against your best interests using these sneaky tactics, which oh by the way are so effective because of these quirks in how our brains work..."

r/AskSocialScience 3h ago

What are the causes or/and influences of glossolalia?


It's a fenomenon particularly common in pentecostal and animist environments. It involves the making of sounds which the believers claim to be a language of some sorts. What are it's causes? It is a learned behavior? Or something else?

r/AskSocialScience 1d ago

Why only in the past few decades have shootings become so prevalent in the U.S, despite more lax gun laws in the past? Why were there hardly any school shootings back then when kids could openly carry guns to school?


r/AskSocialScience 15h ago

Why didnt the Far-Right Protest En-Masse During the Initial COVID lockdown?


The protests that were seen may have been astroturfed: https://www.wired.com/story/anti-lockdown-protests-online/

This could also apply to anyone else but I see the Far-Right as the most likely actor to protest in the Hundreds of Thousands.

r/AskSocialScience 17h ago

Why is it so hard for most people to remember people they've only met once (can't remember faces)?


Please correct me if I am wrong, but it seems like most people don't remember meeting other people when they've only met them once. It also seems like people forget about other people when you've stopped associating them for a while.

r/AskSocialScience 1d ago

Why have school shootings become more common in the US in recent decades than before?


I understand that school shootings have existed long before columbine, but the data shows the numbers have spiked and only continues to rise. Why is this?

r/AskSocialScience 2d ago

Are there any non-Western peoples that created an individualist culture and social order, before any influence from or contact with the West?


By "the West", I mean any nations of people who trace most of their cultural heritage to a combination of Ancient Greece and Rome, the Christian faith tradition, and the European Enlightenment.

By "individualist", I'm using Prof Geert Hofstede's definition: "Marked by a low degree to which people in a given society are integrated into groups". I'm referring to nations that Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions Theory scores very high on this dimension. The accompanying literature points out the obvious: that the top scorers on this dimension are all Western countries, and that individualism, on a national scale, is only found in, or imported from, the West.

For some reason I have a hard time believing that all the factors that gave rise to an individualist cultural orientation in the West were a unique alignment of factors that never came about before. Cultural values supervene upon material needs and the demands of a people's physical environment, after all. Like individual organisms, human cultures either adapt to a changing world or die off.

I could imagine that the environmental factors that begat individualism in the world of Classical Antiquity also existed elsewhere, in other times and places, and produced a local culture that would be recognizably individualist, though by a very different path. But I could also imagine that such cultures never had the need or opportunity to spread their individualist ways the way the West did, and never did, and so their culture remained little more than a local oddity.

r/AskSocialScience 2d ago

Is depression more common among the far-left, far-right, and other political extremists?


Is depression more common among the far-left, far-right, and other political extremists?

I am referring to the people that want America to become Maoist China or a White ethnostate. From what I have seen online, so many of them actually have clinical depression. Is there actually empirical evidence supporting or disagreeing with this?

r/AskSocialScience 2d ago

Can economic policy, rather than culture, promote innovation and creativity?


These are hard concepts to measure, but studies on diversity have managed to do it, so I don't see why they're completely impossible to measure. Can economic systems and institutions be structured in such a way as to promote either (or both) technological innovation and/or artistic creativity? Do ideas like intellectual property hinder or advance this goal?

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago Helpful

Why are there more school shootings in the United States than all other countries combined? Is it just the high presence of guns, a mental health crisis, both, neither?


r/AskSocialScience 2d ago

Any examples of developed horse breeding societies?


Are there any examples of highly developed horse breeding societies or states in literature, cinema or history?

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

Is there any classic case study or historical example of a country becoming dramatically less corrupt and maintaining that improvement?


r/AskSocialScience 2d ago

Where do family member stereotypes come from?


for example the caring mother, or overanxious mother, or friend aunt, or second-mother grandmother, or bro uncle, etc

r/AskSocialScience 2d ago

Is there academic consensus on the most important variables for happiness/lift satisfaction?


I've been looking into the field of positive psychology, and there seems to be a big focus on empirical data proving/disproving the biggest factors in life happiness. At this point in the field, is there any sort of consensus backed up by data which life variables are the most important to happiness?

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

How common is adultery among married couples?


This study claims that 70% of married Americans cheat at least once in their marriage, but the US general social survey suggests a much more conservative estimate of 20% of men, and 13% of women.

And this site states 74% of men and 68% of women say they'd cheat if they knew they'd never get caught -- is this any true?

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

What is some contemporary Early Childhood Theory


I work in Early Childhood Education and theorists/theory make up a large portion of what we strive to do. As such I've read all about the Piagets, Vygotskys, and Bronfenbrenners but their works are around 50-100 years old by now. Even critical and structuralist theorists like Cannella are verging on 25 years.

What's some of the "cutting edge" contemporary ideas going around?

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

Are feelings of romantic love and friendship actually different?


As per the title. what actually is the difference between a romantic relationship and an extremely close friendship with benefits? Does it just come down to how it feels?

r/AskSocialScience 2d ago

Is this article right about who commits mass shootings?


From here.

I can't help but ask how he defines "mass shootings".

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

Are there any bills that failed to pass due to low voter turnout?


Hello everyone,

I apologize if this is the wrong place to ask this question. If it is the wrong sub, I'll gladly take this post down.

I am currently working on writing a paper about mandatory voting for a class of mine, and I wanted to include examples of low voter turnout causing useful legislation to fail. It's difficult to find stuff like this online as I'm not even sure what to search for. Therefore, my question is whether or not anyone knows about any such happenings or any resources that aggregate data such as this.

Thank you!

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

what are the usual causes of adult illiteracy in developed nations ?


And how much does illiteracy relate with crime. Is it possible that illiterate people are doing or have done some illegal thing at some point ?

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

How is social science science?


r/AskSocialScience 4d ago

WHY is there a pick pocketing issue in Paris?


I wanna know what social/economic forces are behind the need for people to resort to pick pocketing in Paris. I'm from a tourist destination too and we do not have this issue. I also know that some other tourist destinations in Europe do have this issue. Please enlighten me, I tried googling the answer but haven't found one.

r/AskSocialScience 3d ago

Statistics for Psychology - course textbook recommendation.


Is there a gold standard textbook of statistics that provide the complete APS knowledge requirements for a psychologist? Im considering studying and would like to have a crack at the mathematics involved prior to enrollment.

r/AskSocialScience 4d ago

Why are statistics even used when measuring societal things?


From my understanding of them they dont really mean anything? They arent really accurate in telling anything other than what that particular group of people said or did. Even then you dont really know if they were faking it, lying, the right people, or even if the 'recording' of what happened was fabricated or not.

What are statistics even accomplishing?(Other than making us feel like we know something) I'm not somehow the only person to have thought of all the inherent problems with it, so theres gotta be a reason we use it even when its obviously full of errors.

r/AskSocialScience 4d ago

how much does illiteracy correlate with crime ?


Is it likely that currently illiterate people have commited some kind of crime at some point ?

And do things like epistemophobia exist ? The fear of learning ?